BC Insight - Nitrogen+Syngas, Sulphur, Fertilizer International
Login
BCInsight Ltd
China Works
Black Prince Road
London, SE1 7SJ
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0)20 7793 2567
Fax: +44 (0)20 7793 2577

Publication > Issue > Articles

Methanol in the Americas

Summary

Changes in the US market, both in terms of the rise and fall of MTBE and the rise of natural gas prices, have radically altered the methanol market in the Americas over the past decade.

Abstract

As a market, the two continents of the Americas represent about one third both of global demand and production, roughly similar in terms of end use markets to Europe or east Asia. The methanol market in the region, on both the demand and production side, has seen major changes over the past ten years, due to the MTBE ‘bubble’ in the US, and the flight of capacity to lower gas cost locations.

Add to basket


GazChem 2007 Conference Report

Summary

GazChem, Trinidad's first ever conference looking exclusively at chemicals derived from natural gas, was held in Port of Spain from June 17th-20th.

Abstract

The conference was opened by Dr Lenny Saith, Trinidadian minister of energy and deputy prime minister. Dr Saith reiterated his government’s commitment to developing downstream gas-based chemical capacity, potentially including melamine, acetic acid, polyethylene and polypropylene, and aluminium. The government, he said, seeks to be an agent of change using national resources for national benefit, and it is prepared to partner projects perceived to be of strategic interest by 2016.

Add to basket


Europe's new frontier

Summary

With Europe's own gas supplies dwindling, North Africa looks set to become increasingly important as a source of gas and petrochemical supplies in the coming years.

Abstract

Europe’s North Sea gas production is now past its peak, and rising use of natural gas across the continent is leading to increasing demand. With the continent wary of becoming too dependent on Russian gas supplies, so North Africa is becoming an increasingly important supplier to the continent, as much an adjunct to the European market as the Caribbean is to North America. New gas discoveries in Egypt, the return of political stability to Algeria and the westward turn taken by Libya’s Colonel Gaddafi this decade, along with a general mood of economic liberalisation, have all helped to renew interest in the region as a place to site new syngas capacity.

Add to basket


Getting the details right

Summary

The success of the OMIFCO project demonstrates the great importance of attention to detail when handling complex and challenging issues. Gian P. Testa of Snamprogetti describes the main experiences of designing, commissioning and startup of the OMIFCO ammonia/urea complex in Oman.

Abstract

Oman India Fertilizer Company S.A.O.C. (OMIFCO) has established and put into commercial operation a world-scale ammonia-urea production facility at Sur in the Sultanate of Oman. OMIFCO is a joint venture owned 50% by Oman Oil Company, 25% by Indian Farmers Fertilizer Company (IFFCO) and 25% by Krishak Bharati Co-operative Ltd (KRIBHCO).

The ammonia-urea complex comprises two trains, each with a design capacity of 1,750 t/d ammonia and 2,530 t/d granulated urea, along with all supporting utilities. The plant is designed to produce 1.65 million t/a of granulated urea and 0.25 million t/a of surplus ammonia for export, using natural gas as feedstock under long term agreements for natural gas supply and sale of product. Storage facilities for ammonia (2 x 30,000 t) and urea (2x 75,000 t) as well as jetty and ammonia /urea ship loaders were also part of the project. The Government of Oman is supplying gas under a 20-year gas supply agreement at a fixed price for the first ten years.

Add to basket


Turning up the heat

Summary

In the generation of synthesis gas, proper burner selection and design are essential for trouble-free operation and long burner life. CFD is an essential tool for design and troubleshooting. Nitrogen+Syngas reports on how John Zink and Casale are addressing the challenges with their latest burner designs.

Abstract

The burner is a key element in the generation of synthesis gas and is at the heart of the reformer. The burner design combines fluid dynamic principles of mixing with a comprehensive understanding of the combustion process. The burners have to ensure rapid and even gas stream mixing at extremes of temperature and pressure.

The processing of natural gas to produce synthesis gas (syngas) can be based on several process options: the tubular steam reformer, two step reforming, autothermal reforming (ATR) and partial oxidation (POX). Selection of the best technology depends on many factors, such as the available feedstock, utilities cost, desired final product and plant capacity.

Steam methane reforming is a popular choice in the production of synthesis gas. The continuing demand worldwide for hydrogen, ammonia and methanol has led to industry demands for larger capacity reforming furnaces that meet environmental regulations with improved efficiency and cost benefits.

Higher furnace capacities require single burners to fire at higher capacities within tight burner spacing. Technological challenges for proper burner selection and design include economic considerations with respect to environmental regulations, furnace efficiency and improved asset life.

Add to basket