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Utilising data to your biggest advantage

Summary

Big data is big news in today's data driven world. Big data projects often use cutting-edge analytics involving artificial intelligence and require huge volumes of data to power machine learning and deep learning algorithms that lead to real-time insight. In this article we take a look at some examples of how big data and digitalisation is being utilised in the sulphur and sulphuric acid industries.

Abstract

The digital revolution has changed the face of many industries and is creating pressure on businesses to transform their strategies and operations to meet the changing needs of their customers. Since the dawn of the digital age there has been an explosion in the amount of data we generate and the amount of data we’re creating continues to increase rapidly. The term “big data” refers to the collection of all this data and our ability to use it to our advantage across a wide range of areas, including business. Keywords: big data, digitisation, digitalisation, digital transformation, algorithms, machine learning, advanced analytics, data analysis, artificial intelligence, AI, sulphur pipeline, nVent, flow assurance, fibre optic distributed temperature sensor, fibre optics, Comprimo, digital services, real time optimisation, Helium Consulting, control system, performance monitoring, root cause analysis, model, Outotec, PORS system, Pretium Roaster Optimizer, acid cooler

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Optimising tower design in large sulphuric acid plants

Summary

The diameter of acid towers has increased over recent decades to approximately 10 m for a 5,000 t/d acid plant. With the increases in diameter of these larger towers, the coefficient of expansion plays a larger role, not only on the reliability of brick towers but also alloy towers. NORAM Engineering and Constructors outlines current limits for tower diameters and Koch Knight discusses improved methods and materials of constructions for the absorption tower structure and the tower's process internals.

Abstract

Sulphuric acid towers are used in multiple industries for drying, absorption and stripping operations. These towers are instrumental for the successful operation of sulphuric acid plants (i.e. sulphur-burning, metallurgical and acid regeneration) as well as some gas-cleaning and SO2 plants. The design of sulphuric acid towers requires an understanding of mass-transfer, hydraulics, packing performance, mist formation and removal, mechanical design, bricking design, corrosion, materials engineering as well as practical engineering and experience. Keywords: acid tower, tower diameter, NORAM Engineering and Constructors, Koch Knight, materials of construction, absorption tower structure, tower internals, sulphuric acid, brick-lined, alloy, sizing, tower design, steel shell, lining system, Pyroflex, radial displacement, packing type

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China's phosphate industry

Summary

China is the largest producer and consumer of phosphates in the world, driving the country's massive consumption of sulphur and sulphuric acid. However, new governmental regulations on the environment are forcing the closure of smaller, less efficient and more polluting capacity and pushing up production costs.

Abstract

China’s phosphate industry saw remarkable growth from 2000-2015, turning the country into the largest producer and consumer of phosphates in the world. However, since that rapid period of development, growth has slowed and stagnated, leading to overcapacity both domestically and internationally. Keywords: YANGTSE, YANGTZE, SSP, DAP, MAP, PYRITE

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Focus on Brazil: refining and phosphates

Summary

In spite of the political and economic turmoil of the past few years, Brazil continues to be a bright growth spot for phosphate fertilizer demand. However, the country's sulphur and sulphuric acid balance depends upon the completion of several refining and phosphate producing projects.

Abstract

Although it has been through a rough time politically of late, with the echoes of the huge Operation Car Wash corruption scandal still reverberating and leading to the election of controversial populist president Jair Bolsonaro in late 2018. Keywords: PETROBRAS, RNEST, COPPER, SMELTER, SMELTING, SSP, MAP, TSP, SUPERPHOSPHATE

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